Topological effects in fermion condensate induced by cosmic string and compactification on AdS bulk
Abstract
We investigate the fermion condensate (FC) for a massive spinor field on background of the 5dimensional locally antide Sitter (AdS) spacetime with a compact dimension and in the presence of a cosmic string carrying a magnetic flux. The FC is decomposed into two contributions. The first one corresponds to the geometry without compactification and the second one is induced by the compactification. Depending on the values of the parameters, the total FC can be either positive or negative. As a limiting case, the expression for the FC on locally Minkowski spacetime is derived. It vanishes for a massless fermion field and the nonzero FC on the AdS bulk in the massless case is an effect induced by gravitation. This shows that the gravitational field may essentially influence the parameters space for phase transitions. For a massive field the FC diverges on the string as the inverse cube of the proper distance from the string. In the case of a massless field, depending on the magnetic flux along the string and planar angle deficit, the limiting value of the FC on the string can be either finite or infinite. At large distances, the decay of the FC as a function of the distance from the string is power law for both cases of massive and massless fields. For a cosmic string on the Minkowski bulk and for a massive field the decay is exponential. The topological part in the FC vanishes on the AdS boundary. We show that the FCs coincide for the fields realizing two inequivalent irreducible representations of the Clifford algebra. In the special case of the zero planar angle deficit, the results presented in this paper describe AharonovBohmtype effects induced by magnetic fluxes in curved spacetime.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 2021
 arXiv:
 arXiv:2105.00829
 Bibcode:
 2021arXiv210500829B
 Keywords:

 High Energy Physics  Theory;
 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology
 EPrint:
 26 pages, 4 figures